Network neutrality is the term used to talk about the open and neutral characteristics of Internet infrastructure as we have grown to know and understand it. To be more specific, neutrality sets the conditions that ensure fair competition and enables a level playing field for innovation which has been the basis for the phenomenal growth of Internet communications to date. (Wu, 2004, 83) “Openness” or “open access” refers to regulation geared to guarantee a non-discrimination regime, or neutrality among users, ideas and technologies. (Wu, 2004, 74, Coops, 2003)
The neutral and open characteristics of Internet access is being challenged in the United States by industry network owner/builders and others who want to eliminate network neutrality protections from telecommunications reform laws being considered by Congress. The following bibliographic entries are relevant to the issue of network neutrality provisions.
Copps, Michael, J. 2003. The Beginning of the End of the Internet? Discrimination, Closed Networks and the Future of Cyberspace. Remarks made to the New America Foundation, Washington DC. October, 9, 2003. Available online at: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-239800A1.pdf
Wu, Tim. The Broadband Debate: A User's Guide. 3 J. on Telecomm. & High Tech L. 69 (2004). Available online at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=557330