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Open Access
Open access is the principle that has governed the Internet since it became available for public use in the early 1990’s. The Internet was originally designed as a pipeline that would treat all information in a nondiscriminatory fashion, a design referred to as "end-to-end" because no gatekeeper could control how the data on the network would be treated.
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Brown, Justin.   “Fostering the Public’s End-to-End: A Policy initiative for separating Broadband transport from Content.”   Communication Law and Policy. Spring, 2003. Volume 8, no. 2.    
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Clark, D. D.; Reed, D. P., and Saltzer, J. H.   "End-to-End Arguments in System Design." Link Accessed: 2003-07-08.  
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